Innovation Graph

Explore a universe of data about how the world is building software together on GitHub.

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Metrics and data

Explore global metrics across each of the categories in the Innovation Graph. You can also explore these metrics by economy below.

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Git pushes

The number of times developers in a given economy uploaded code to GitHub.

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The number of software projects in a given economy based on the mode location of all members with triage and above access.

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The number of developer accounts located in a given economy based on mode daily location.

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The number of developer groups in a given economy by the mode location of all organization members.

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Programming languages

The number of unique developers in each economy who pushed code to a repository with a given programming language.

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The number of unique developers in each economy who pushed code to a repository with a given license.

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The number of unique developers in each economy who pushed code to a repository with a given topic.

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Economy collaborators

The number of git pushes and pull requests from a developer to a repository owned by another developer or organization.

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Dive deeper into the details of the data by filtering metrics by economy.

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What people are saying

GitHub's data has allowed us to uncover practical tools that can empower AI practitioners to develop and implement trustworthy AI systems. By extracting insights from GitHub, we are not only helping to shape effective policies but also equipping AI professionals with the means to navigate the complex landscape of trustworthy AI development.
Karine Perset / OECD
Open source software is the bedrock of the digital economy. The GitHub Innovation Graph will allow researchers, managers, and policymakers to better understand how this critical public good is developed and will lead to deeper insights into how to secure and support it for future generations.
Frank Nagle / Harvard Business School
We're excited by the promise of the GitHub Innovation Graph to enhance data accessibility for researchers in several fields, offering insights into the role of open source in shaping our world. With better data, Brussels and other global policy hubs can craft policies that truly reflect the significance of open source. The horizon of informed decision-making has just expanded.
Astor Nummelin Carlberg / OpenForum Europe
The GitHub Innovation Graph will be an invaluable tool for organisations like the Sovereign Tech Fund that are committed to supporting the Open Source ecosystem. By making software development insights accessible to all, it will provide practical insights, enhance our research efforts, and aid informed decision-making. We're certain that the GitHub Innovation Graph will prove immensely valuable to the ecosystem.
Fiona Krakenbürger / German Sovereign Tech Fund

Insight reports

Insights on software development activities and impacts for policymakers, researchers, and explorers.

Explore insight reports
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Open data on GitHub: Unlocking the potential of AI

Co-authored by researchers at GitHub and Microsoft, this paper analyzes the more than 800 million open data files, totaling 142 terabytes of data on GitHub. Findings show that GitHub is one of the largest hosts of open data in the world and has experienced an accelerated growth of open data assets over the past four years.

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How AI-powered software development may affect labor markets

Co-authored by researchers at GitHub and MIT, this paper puts recent productivity research on AI-powered code generation tools including GitHub Copilot into context for what they may mean for developers' jobs and policymakers focused on preparing the workforce for AI-induced changes.

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NYU conference on the benefits and challenges of open source

GitHub has sponsored a conference on measuring the impact of open source software, gathering interdisciplinary scholars and policy stakeholders to review the state of the literature and explore research questions in need of attention.

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